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#$%&@ The New Tesla Electromagnetics and #$%&@
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&@#$% (Part 1) by T. E. Bearden &@#$%
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#$%&@ Retyped Without Permission, 7/13/86, by (_>Shadow Hawk 1<_) #$%&@
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Comments on the New Tesla Electromagnetics

A:Discrepancies in Present EM Theory
There are at least twentytwo major discrepancies presently existing in
conventional electromagnetics theory. This paper presends a summary of those
flaws, and is a further commentary on my discussion of scalar longitudinal
waves in a previous paper, "Solutions to Tesla's Secrets and the Soviet Tesla
Weapons," Tesla Book Company, 1981 and 1982.
I particularly wish to express my deep appreciation to two of my friends and
colleagues who at this time, I believe, wish to remain anonymous. One of the
two is an experimental genius who can produce items that do not work by ortho
dox theory. The second is a master of materials science and electromagnetics
theory. I thank them both for their exceptional contributions and stimuli
regarding potential shortcoming in present electromagnetics theory, and their
forbearance with the many discussions we have held on this and related
subjects.
It goes without saying that any etrors in this paper are strictly my own, and
not the fault of either of my distinguished colleagues.
(1) In present electromagnetics theory, charge and charged mass are falsely
made identical. Actually, on a charged particle, the "charge" is the flux of
virtual particles on the "bare particle" of observable mass. The charged part
icle is thus a "system" of true massless charge coupled to a bare chargeless
mass. The observable "mass" is static, threedimensional and totally spatial.
"Charge" is dynamic, fourdimensional or more, virtual and spatiotemporal.
Further, the charge and observable mass can be decoupled, contrary to present
theory. Decoupled charge  that is, the absence of mass  is simply what we
presently refer to as "Vacuum." Vacuum, spacetime, and massless charge are all
identical. Rigorously, we should utilize any of these three as an "ether," as
suggested for vacuum by Einstein himself (see Max Born, Einstiein's Theory of
Relativity, Revised Edition, Dover Publications, New York, 1965, p. 224). And
all three of them are identically anenergy  not energy, but more fundamental
components of energy.
(2) Electrostatic potential is regarded as a purely 3dimensional spatial
stress. Instead, it is the intensity of a manydimensional (at least four
dimensional) virtual flux and a stress on all four dimensions of spacetime.
This is easily seen, once one recognizes that spacetime is identically masless
charged. (It is not "filled" with charge; rather, it is charge!) Just as, in
a gas under pressure, the accumulation of additional gas further stresses the
gas, the accumulation of charge (spacetime) stresses charge (spacetime).
Further, if freed from its attachment to mass, charge can flow exclusively
in time, exclusively in space, or in any combination of the two. Tesla waves 
which are scalar waves in pure massless charge flux itself  thus can exhibit
extraordinary characteristics that ordinary vector waves do not possess. And
Tesla waves have extra dimensional degrees of freedom in which to move, as
compared to vector waves. Indeed, one way to visualize a tesla scalar wave is
to regard it as a pure oscillation of time itself.
(3) Voltage and potential are often confused in the electrostatic case, or at
least thought of as "composed of the same thing." For that reason, voltage is
regarded as "potential drop." This also is not true. Rigorously, the potential
is the intensity of the virtual particle flux at a single point  whether or
not there is any mass at the point  and both the pressure and the point
itself are spatiotemporal (4dimensional) and not spatial (3dimensional) as
presently assumed. Voltage represents the spatial intersection of the
difference in potential between two seperated spatial points, and always
implies at least a miniscule flow of mass current (that is what makes it
spatial!). "Voltage" is spatial and depends upon the presence of observable
mass flow, while scalar electrostatic potential is spatiotemporal and depends
upon the absence of observable mass flow. The two are not even of the same
dimensionality.
(4) The charge of vacuum spacetime is assumed to be zero, when in fact it is
a very high value. Vacuum has no mass, but it has great massless charge and
virtual particle charge flux. For proof that a charged vacuum is the seat of
something in motion, see G. M. Graham and D. G. Lahoz, "Observation of static
electromagnetic angular momentum in vacuo," Nature, Vol. 285, 15 May 1980, pp.
154155. In fact, vacuum IS charge, identically, and it is also spacetime, and
at least fourdimensional.
(5) Contrary to its present usage, zero is dimensional and relative in its
context. A threedimensional spatial hole, for example, exists in time. If we
model time as a dimension, then the spatial hole has one dimension in 4space.
So a spatial absence is a spatiotemporal presence. In the vacuum 4space, a
spatial nothing is still a something. The "virtual" concept and mathematical
concept of a derivative are simply two present ways of unconsciously addressing
this fundamental problem of the dimensional relativity of zero.
(6) The concepts of "space" and "time" imply that spacetime (vacuum) has been
seperated into two parts. We can only think of a space as "continuing to exist
in time." To separate vacuum spacetime into two pieces, an operation is
continually required. The operator that accomplishes this splitting operation
is the photon interaction, the interaction of vector electromagnetic energy or
waves with mass. I have already strongly pointed out this effect and presented
a "raindrop model" or firstorder physical change itself in my book, The
Excalibur Briefing, Strawberry Hill Press, San Francisco, 1980, pp. 128130.
(7) "Vector magnetic potential" is assumed to be always an aspect of (and
connected to) the magnetic field. In fact it is a separate, fundamental field
of nature and it can be entirely disconnected from the magnetic field. See
Richard P. Feynman et al, The Feynman Lectures on Physics, AddisonWesley
Publishing Co., New York, 1964, Vol. II, pp. 158 to 1514. Curiously, this
fact has been proven for years, yet it has been almost completely ignored in
the West. The "(triangle)x" operator, when applied to the Afield, makes
Bfield. If the (triangle)x operator is not applied, the "freed" Afield
possesses muchexpanded characteristics from those presently allowed in the
"bound" theory. Specifically, it becomes a scalar or "shadow vector" field;
it is not a normal vector field.
(8) The speed of light in vacuum is assumed to be a fundamental constant of
nature. Instead it is a function of the intensity of the massless charge flux
(that is, of the magnitude of the electrostatic potential) of the vacuum in
which it moves. (Indeed, since vacuum and masless charge are one and the same,
one may say that the speed of light is a function of the intensity of the
spatiotemporal vacuum!). The higher the flux intensity (charge) of the vacuum,
the faster the speed of light in it. This is an observed fact and already shown
by hardcore measurements. For example, distinct differences actually exist in
the speed of light in vacuo, when measured on the surface of the earth as
compared to measurements in space away from planetary masses. In a vacuum on
the surface of the earth, light moves significantly faster. For a discussion
and the statistics, see B. N. Belyaev, "On Random Fluctuations of the Velocity
of Light in Vacuum," Soviet Physics Journal, No. 11, Nov. 1980, pp. 3742
(original in Russian, translation by Plenum Publishing Corporation.) The
Russians have used this knowledge for over two decades in their strategic
psychotronics (energetics) program; yet hardly a single U.S. scientist is aware
of the measured variation of c in vacuo. In fact, most Western scientists
simply cannot believe it when it is pointed out to them!
(9) Energy is considered fundamental and equivalent to work. In fact, energy
arises from vector processes, and it can be disassembled into more fundamental
(anenergy) scalar components, since the vectors can. These scalar components
individually can be moved to a distant location without expending work, since
one is not moving force vectors. There the scalar components can be joined and
reassembled into vectors to provide "free energy" appearing at a distance,
with no loss in between the initial and distant points. For proof that a vector
field can be replaced by (and considered to be composed of) two scalar fields,
see E. T. Whittaker, Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society, Volume 1,
1903, p. 367. By extension, any vector wave can be replaced by two coupled
scalar waves.
(10) The classical Poynting vector predicts no longitudinal wave of energy
from a timevarying, electrically charged source. In fact, an exact solution of
the problem does allow this longitudinal wave. See T. D. Keech and J. F. Corum,
"A New Derivation for the Field of a TimeVarying Charge in Einsteins Theory,"
International Journal of Theoretical Physics, Vol. 20, No. 1, 1981, pp. 6368
for the proof.
(11) The present concepts of vector and scalar are severely limited, and do
not permit the explicit consideration of the internal, finergrained structures
of a vector or a scalar. That is, a fundamental problem exists with the
basic assumptions in the vector mathematics itself. The "space" of a vector
field, for example, does not have internested sublevels (subspaces) containing
finer "shadow vectors" or "virtual vectors." Yet particle physics has already
discovered that electrical reality is built that way. Thus one should actually
use a "hypernumber" theory after the manner of Charles Muses. A scalar is
filled with (and composed of) nested levels of other "spaces" containing
vectors, where these sum to "zero" in the ordinary observable frame without an
observable vector resultant. In Muses' mathematics, for example, zero has real
roots. Real physical devices can be  and have been  constructed in
accordance with Muses' theory. For an introduction to Muses' profound
hypernumberss approach, see Charles Muses' forward to Jerome Rothstein,
Communication, Ogranization and Science, The Falcon's Wing Press, Indian Hills,
Colorado, 1958. See also Charles Muses', "Applied Hypernumbers: Computational
Convepts," Applied Mathematics and Computation, Vol. 3, 1976. See also Charles
Muses' "Hypernumbers II", Aoplied Mathematics and Computation, Janurary 1978.
(12) With the expanded Tesla electromagnetics, a new conservation of energy
law is required. Let us recapitulate for a moment. The oldest law called for
the conservation of mass. The present law calls for the conservation of "mass
and energy", but not each separately. If mass is regarded as simply another
aspect of energy, then the present law calls for the conservation of energy.
However, this assumes that energy is a basic, fundamental concept. Since the
energy concept is tied to work and the movement of vector forces, it implicitly
assumes "vector movement2 to be a "most fundamental" and irreducible concept.
But as we pointed out, Whittaker showed that vectors can always be further
broken down into more fundamental coupled scalar components. Further, Tesla
discovered that these "coupled components" of "energy" can be individually
separated, transmitted, processed, rejoined, etc. This directly implies that
energy per se need not be conserved. The new law therefore calls for the
conservation of anenergy, the components of energy. These components may be
coupled into energy, and the energy may be further compacted into mass. It is
the sum total of the (anenergy) components  coupled and uncoupled  that is
conserved, not the matter or the energy per se. Further, this conservation of
anenergy is not spatial; rather it is spatiotemporal in a spacetime of at least
four or more dimensions.
(13) Relativity is presently regarded as a theory or statement about
fundamental physical reality. In fact, it is only a statement about FIRST ORDER
reality  the reality that emerges from the vector interaction of
electromagnetic energy with matter. When we break down the vectors into scalars
(shadow vectors or hypervectors), we immediatly enter a vastly different, far
more fundamental reality. In this reality superluminal velocity, multiple
universes, travel back and forth in time, higher dimensions, variation of all
"fundamental constants" of nature, materialization and dematerialization, and
violation of the "conservation of energy" are all involved. Even our present
Aristotlean logic  fitted to the photon interaction by vector light as the
fundamental observation mechanism  is incapable of describing or modeling
this more fundamental reality. Using scalar waves and scalar interactions as
much subtler, far less limited observation/detection mechanisms, we must have a
new "superrelativity" to describe the expanded electromagnetic reality
uncovered by Nikola Tesla.
(14) "Charge" is assumed to be quantized, in addition to always occuring with
 and locked to  mass. Indeed, charge is not necessarily quantized, just as
it is not necessarily locked to mass. Ehrenhaft discovered and reported
fractional charges for years, in the 30's and 40's, and was ignored. See P.A.M.
Dirac, "Development of the Physicist's Conception of Nature", Sumposium on the
Development of the Physicist's Conception of Nature, ed. Jagdish Merha, D.
Reidel, Boston, 1973, pp. 1214 for a presentation of some of Ehrenhaft's
results. Within the last few years Stanford University researchers have also
positively demonstrated the existence of "fractional charge." For a layman's
description of their work, see "A Spector Haunting Physics," Science News, Vol.
119, January 31, 1981, pp. 6869. Indeed, Dirac in his referenced article
points out that Millikan himself  in his original oildrop experiments 
reported one measurement of fractional charge, but discounted it as probably
due to error.
(15) Presently, things are always regarded as traveling through normal space.
Thus we use or model only the most elementary type of motion  that performed
by vector electromagnetic energy. We do not allow for things to "travel inside
the vector flow itself." Yet, actually, there is a second, more subtle flow
inside the first, and a third, even more subtle flow inside the second, and
so on. We may operate inside, onto, into, and out of energy itself  and any
anenergy component of energy. There are hypervectors and hyperscalars unlimited
, within the ordinary vectors and scalars we already know. Further, these
"interlan flows" can be engineered and utilized, allowing physical reality
itself to be directly engineered, almost without limits.
(16) We always assume everything exists in time. Actually, nothing presently
measured exists in time, because the physicical detection/measurement process
of our present instruments destroys time, ripping it off and tossing it away 
and thereby "collapsing the wave function." Present scientific methodology thus
is seriously flawed. It does not yield fundamental (spacetime) truth, but only
a partial (spatial) truth. This in turn leads to great scientific oversights.
For example. mass does not exist in time, but mass x time (masstime) does. A
fundamental constant does not exist in time, but "constant x time" does. Energy
does not exist in time, but energy x time (action) does. Even space itself does
not exist in time  spacetime does. We are almost always one dimension short
in every observable we model. Yet we persist in thinking spatially, and we have
developed instruments that detect and measure spatially only. Such instruments
can never measure and detect the phenomenology of the nested substrata of time.
By using scalar technology, however, less limited instruments can indeed be
constructed  and they have been. With such new instruments, the phenomenology
of the new electromagnetics can be explored and an engineering technology
developed.
(17) We do not recognize the connection between nested levels of virtual
state (particle physics) and orthogonally rotated frames (hyperspaces).
Actually, the two are identical, as I showed in the appendix to my book, The
Excalibur Briefing, Strawberry Hills Press, San Francisco, 1980, pp. 233235. A
virtual particle in the laborotory frame is an observable particle in a
hyperspatial frame rotated more than one orthogonal turn away. This of course
implies that the hyperspatial velocity of all virtual particles is greater than
the speed of light. The particle physicist is already deeply involved in
hyperspaces and hyperspatial charge fluxes without realizing it. In other words
, he is using tachyons (particles that move faster than light) without
realizing it.
(18) Presently quantum mechanics rigorously states that time is not an
observable, and therefore it cannot be measured or detected. According to this
assumption, one must always infer time from spatial measurements, because all
detections and measurements are spatial. With this assumption, our scientists
prejudice themselves against looking for finer, subquantal measurement
methodologies and instrumentation. Actually this present limitation is the
result of the type of electromagnetics we presently know, where all instruments
(the "measurers") have been interacted with by vector electromagnetic energy
(light). Every mass that has temperature (and all masses do!) is continually
absorbing and emitting photons, and in the process they are continually
connecting to time and disconnecting from time. If time is continually being
carried away from the detector itself by its emitted photons, then the detector
cannot hold and "detect" that which it has just lost. With Tesla
electromagnetics, however, the fundamental limitation of our present instru
ments need not apply. With finer instruments, we can show there are an infinite
number of levels to "time", and it is only the "quantum level time" which is
continually being lost by vector light (photon) interaction. By using
subquantal scalar waves, instruments can move to deeper levels of time  in
which case the upper levels of time ARE measureable and detectable, in
contradistinction to present assumptions.
(19) In the present physics, time is modeled as, and considered to be, a
continuous dimension such as length. This is only a gross approximation. Indeed
, time is not like a continuous "dimension," but more like a series of
"stiches," each of which is individually made and then ripped out before the
next stitch appears. "Vector light" photons interact one at a time, and it is
this interaction with mass that creates quantum change itself. The absorbtion
of a photon  which is energy x time  by a spatial mass converts it to
masstime: the time was added by the photon. The emission of a photon tears away
the time, leaving behind again a spatial mass. It is not accidental, then, that
time flows at the speed of light, for it is light which contains and carries
time. It is also not accidental that the photon IS the individual quantum.
Since all our instruments presently are continually absorbing and emitting
photons, they are all "quantized," and they accordingly "quantize" their
detections. This is true because all detection is totally internal to the
detector, and the instruments only detect only their own internal changes.
Since these detections are on a totally granular quantized background, the
detections themselves are quantized. The Minkowski model is fundamentally
erroneous in its modeling of time, and for that reason relativity and quantum
mechanics continue to resist all attempts to successfully combine them, quantum
field theory notwithstanding.
(20) Presently, gravitational field and electrical field are considered
mutually exclusive. Actually this is also untrue. In 1974, for example,
Santilli proved that electrical field and gravitational fiend indeed are not
mutually exclusive. In that case one is left with two possibilities:
(a) they are totally the same thing, or (b) they are partially the same thing.
For the proof, see R. M. Santilli, "Partons and Gravitation: Some Puzzling
Questions," Annals of Physics, Vol. 83, No. 1, March 1974. With the new Tesla
electromagnetics, pure scalar waves in time itself can be produced electrically
, and electrostatics (when the charge has been seperated from the mass) becomes
a "magic" tool capable of directly affecting anything that exists in time 
including the gravitational field. Antigravity and the intertial drive are
immediate and direct consequences of the new electromagnetics.
(21) Presently, mind is considered metaphysical, not a part of physics, and
not affected by physical means. Literally, the prevailing belief of Western
scientists is that man is a mechanical robot  even though relativity depends
entirely upon the idea of the idea of the "observer." Western science today
thus has essentially become dogmatic, and in this respect borders on a religion.
Since this "religion," so to speak, is now fairly well entrenched in its power
in the state, Western science is turning itself into an oligarchy. But mind
occupies time, and when we measure and affect time, we can directly measure and
affect mind itself. In the new electromagnetics, then, Man regains his dignity
and his humanity by restoring the reality of mind and thought to science. In my
book, The Excalibur Briefing, I have already pointed out the reality of mind and
a simplified way in which it can be modeled to the first order. With scalar wave
instruments, the reality of mind and thought can be measured in the laboratory,
and parapsychology becomes a working, engineering, scientific discipline.
(22) Multiple valued basic dimensional functions are either not permitted
or severely discouraged in the present theory. For one thing, integrals of
multiple valued derivative functions have the annoying habit of "blowing up" and
yielding erroneous answers, or none at all. And we certainly do not allow
multiple types of time! This leads to the absurdity of the present interpretation
of relativity, which permits only a single observer (and a single observation)
at a time. So if one believes as "absurd" a thing as the fact that more than
one person can observe an apple at the same time, the present physics fails.
However, the acceptance of such a simple proposition as multiple simultaneous
observation leads to a physics so bizarre and incredible that most Western
physicists have been unable to tolerate it, much less examine its consequences.
In the physics that emerges from multiple simultaneous observation,
all possibilities are real and physical. There are an infinite number of
worlds, orthogonal to one another, and each world is continually splitting into
additional such "worlds" at a stupendous rate. Nonetheless, this physics
was worked out by Everett for his doctoral thesis in 1956, and the thesis was
published in 1957. (See Hugh Everett, III, The ManyWorlds Interpretation of
Quantum Mechanics: A Fundamental Exposition, with papers by J. A. Wheeler,
B. S. DeWitt, L. N. Cooper and D. Van Vechten, and N. Graham; eds. Bryce S.
Dewitt and Neill Graham, Princeton Series in Physics, Princeton University
Press, 1973.) Even though it is bizarre, Everett's physics is entirely
consistent with the present experimental
basis of physics. The present electromagnetic theory is constructed for only
a single "rodl" or universe  or "level." The expanded theory, on the other
hand, contains multiply nested levels of virtual state charge  and these
levels are identically the same as orthogonal universes, or "hyperframes."
Multiple kinds  and values  of time also exist. The new concept differs from
Everett's, however, in that the orthogonal universes intercommunicate in the
virtual state. That is, an observable in one universe is always a virtual
quantity in each of the other universes. Thus one can have multilevel
"continuities" and "discontinuities" simultaneously, without logical conflict.
It is precisely these levels of charge  these levels of scalar vacuum 
that lace together the discontinuous quanta generated by the interaction of
vector light with mass.
However, to understand the new electromagnetic reality, one requires a new,
expanded logic which contains the old Aristotlean logic as a subset. I have
already pointed out the new logic in my paper, "A Conditional Criterion for
Identity, Leading to a Fourth Law of Logic," 1979, available from the National
Technical Information Center, ADA071032.
Even as logic is extended, quantum mechanics, quantum electrodynamics, and
relativity are drastically changed by the Tesla electromagnetics, as I point
ed out in my paper, "Solutions to Tesla's Secrets and the Soviet Tesla
Weapons," Tesla Book Company, 1580 Magnolia, Millbrae, CA, 94030, 1980.
The present electromagnetics is just a special case of a much more
fundamental electromagnetics discovered by Nikola Tesla, just as Newtonian
physics is a special case of the relativistic physics. But in the new
electromagnetics case, the differences between the old and the new are far more
drastic and profound.
Additional References
 
1. Boren, Dr. Lawence Milton, "Discovery of the Fundamental Magnetic Charge
(Arising from the new Conservation of Magnetic Energy)," 1981/1982 (private
communication). Dr. Boren has a cogent argument that the positron is the
fundamental unit of magnetic charge. His theory thus assigns fundamentally
different natures to positive charge and
negative charge. In support of Dr. Boren, one should point out that the
"positive" end of circuits can simply be "less negative" than the "negative"
end. In other words, the circuit works simply from higher accumulation of
negative charges (the "negative" end) to a lesser accumulation of negative
charges (the "positive" end). Nowhere needthere be positive charges (protons,
positrons, etc.) to make the circuit work. Dr. Borens theory, though dramatic
at first encounter, nonetheless bears close and meticulous examination 
particularly since he has been able to gather experimental data which support
his theory and disagree with present theory.
2. Eagle, Albert, "An Alternative Explanation of Relativity Phenomena,"
philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, No. 191, December 1939, pp. 694
701.
3. Ehrenaft, Felix and Wasser, Emanuel, "Determination of the Size and Weight
of Single Submicroscopic Spheres of the Order of Magnitude r = 4 x 10(5) cm.
to 5 x 10(6) cm., as well as the Production of Real Images of
Submicroscopic Particles by means of Ultraviolet Light," Phil. Mag. and
Jour. of Sci., Vol. II (Seventh Series), No. 7, July 1926, pp. 3051.
4. Ehrenhaft, Felix and Wasser, Emanuel, "New Evidence of the Existance of Charges
smaller than the Electron  (a) The Micromagnet; (b) The Law of Resistance;
(c) The computation of errors of the Method," Phil. Mag. and Jour. of Sci.,
Vol. V (Seventh Series), No. 28, February 1928, pp. 225241.
5. See also Ehrenhaft's last paper dealing with the electronic charge, in
Philosophy of Science, Vol. 8, 1941, p. 403.
6. McGregor, Donald Rait, The Inertia of the Vacuum: A New Foundation for
Theoretical Physics, Exposition Press, Smithtown, NY, First Edition, 1981, pp.
1520.
7. Ignat'ev, Yu. G. and Balakin, A. B., "Nonliner Gravitational Waves in Plasma,"
Soviet Physics Journal, Vol. 24, No. 7, July 1981, (U.S. Translation, Consultants
Bureau, NY, JAnurary 1982), pp. 593597.
8. Yater, Joseph C., "Relation of the second law of thermodynamics to the power
conversion of energy fluctuations," Phys. Review A, Vol. 20, no. 4, October
1979, pp. 16141618.
9. DeSantis, Romano M. et al, "On the Analysis of Feedback Systems With a
Multipower Open Loop Chain," October 1973, available through the Defense
Technical Information Center (AD 773188).
10. Graneau, Peter, "Electromagnetic JetPropulsion in the Direction of current
flow," Nature, Vol. 295, 28 Janurary 1982, pp. 311312
11. "Gravity and acceleration aren't always equivalent," New Scientist, 17
September 1981, p. 723.
12. Gonyaev, V. V., "Experimental Determination of the FreeFall Acceleration
of a Relativistic Charged Particle. II. A Cylindrical Solenoid in a Time
Independent Field of Inertial Forces," Izvestiya VUZ, Fizika, No. 7, 1979, pp.
2832. English Translation: Soviet Physics Journal, No. 7, 1979, pp.
829833. If one understands the new, expanded electromagnetics, this Soviet
paper indicates a means of generating antigravity and pure inertial fields.
13. R. Schaffranke, "The Development of PostRelativistic Concepts in Physics and
Advanced Technology Abroad," Energy Unlimited, No. 12, Winter 1981, pp. 1520.
14. F. K. Preikschat, A Critical look at the theory of Relativity, Library
of Congress Catalogue No. 77670044. Extensive compilation of measurements of
the speed of light. Clearly shows the speed of light is not constant but changes,
sometimes even daily.
B: The Secret of Electrical Free Energy
Present electromagnetic theory is only a special case of the much more funda
mental electromagnetic theory discovered by Nikola Tesla at the turn of
the century.
Pure vacuum is pure charge flux, without mass. The vacuum has a very high
electrical potential  something on the order of 200 million volts, with
respect to a hypothetical zero charge.
Thus in an ordinary electrical circuit, each point of the "ground"  which has
the same potential as the vacuum  actually has a nonzero absolute potential.
This circuit ground has a value of zero only with respect to something else
which has the same absolute electrical potential.
Voltage, which is always associated with a flow of electrical "mass" current
(even if only a miniscule flow), is, by definition, a difference dropped in
potential when a charge mass moves between two spatially seperated points. What
we have termed "electrical current" only flows where there is a suitable
conducting medium between things which have a difference in absolute potential.
Furthermore, between any two points in any material, there is considered to be
a finite resistance  if we apply a voltage ahd have a mass current flowing
between the two points! Rigorously, to have one of the three is to have them all.
To lose one is to lose all three. Immediately we see a major error in present
theory: One can have a "difference in scalar potential" between two points without
having a "voltage drop" between them. Specifically, if no mass current flows
between them, no resistance exists between them, and no voltage drop exists
between them.
In the same fashion, one can have a "scalar wave" through the vacuum without
a voltage wave. In that case, the wave has no Efield and no Hfield. The only
reason one has an E field around a statically charged object is because the
charged electrons accumulated on the object are actually in violent motion. It
is this motion of the charged masses that produces Efield  as well as Hfield
whenever that entire Efield ensemble moves through laborotory space.
Now let us reason together the "approximate" manner utilized in present
electromagnetic theory. For example, let us examine a bird sitting on a high
tension line.
The bird sits on the high tension line without a flow of mass electricity,
because there is no significant difference in potential drop between the bird
and the line. Specifically, between the birds two feet  each in contact with
a different portion of the line  there exists no potential difference. This
is true even though, with respect to the vacuum, each foot is at a potential
that would be "100,000 volts higher," were a mass current flowing. And it is true
even though the absolute potential of each foot may be some 200.1 million
"volts," were a mass current flowing.
Now an interesting thing happens to the bird when he flies through the air to
light upon the high tension wire. As he flies towards the wire, he is flying through
the massless electrostatic potential field of the wire, for that field extends
an infinite distance away from the wire. The electrostatic potential field 
pure 0field  is actually the spatiotemporal intensity of the massless charge
at a point. In other words, as the bird flies to the wire, he flies into an
increasing "massless charge" potential, building up to 100,000 "volts" higher
than the earth. However, very little (if any) "mass flow" potential difference
is experienced upon his body in approaching the wire, and so essientially no
"charged mass currents" are induced in his body. Thus the little flier safely
navigates into the teeth of a very high electrostatic potential, lights upon the
wire, and is not "fried" in the process. When he lights on the wire,
his body has reached the electrostatic potential that each foot's contact
point has. Again, there is no mass current flow. But his body is immersed
in an increased flux of massless charge  which is what the electrostatic
potential represents. And each "virtual particle" flow in that charge
represents a "massless (scalar)" electrical current.
The point is, one can have any amount of massless charge flow  "scalar"
current  without any mechanical work being done in the system. All electrical
work in a circuit is done against the physical mass of the charged masses that
flow. Rigorously, force is defined as the time rate of charge of momentum.
Even in the relativistic case where F = ma + v(dm/dt), change of momentum
requires mass movement. No mechanical work, and hence no energy, is expended by
massless charge flow.
That is why the vacuum massless charge  which is composed of a very high flux
of massless "particles"  normally does no work on our systems, and expends
none of its very high "potential energy." It is exactly the same as the bird
which flew into an increasing scalar field as it approached the high tension
wire  no work was done upon the bird by the increasing scalar flux currents
encountered by its body.
By existing "in the vacuum," so to speak, we (the whole earth) are as birds
sitting on a high tension line! Until we create a significant differece in
potential, via our present electromagnetic circuits, no current can flow
 anywhere. Even if we produce potential differences, we must have a conductor
and charged masses to flow, if we with to produce mechanical work. Presently our
electromagnetic theory allows us to create a difference in potential within
different parts of a circuit, but only by moving and shifting charged mass. We
therefore have to do work on this electrical mass in moving it around,
and we only get back the work we have put into the circuit. In other words,
presently all wee do is "pump" electrical mass.
Now notice what would happen to the bird on the line if we substantially
"pulsed" the potential on the line. Suppose we "pulsed" it such that the
bird's physical system  considered as a circuit containing a capicitance, a
resistance, an inductance, and many free electrons  became resonant to
the pulsing frequency. In that case the "bird system" would resonate, and a
great deal of electrical mass would surge back and forth in the body of the
bird. In the birds body, voltage would exist, charged mass current would flow,
work would be done, and the bird would be electrocuted.
Also, note that, without mass movement, electromagnetic vector fields are not
produced (and a portion of the difficulty lies with the actual vector mechanics
itself). Scalar (nonvector) waves continually penetrate the "space" where
there is no mass movement. This means there can exist a "delta0" without a
voltage or an Efield. The present theory does not allow this, because it
always uses "q" (charge) to be charged mass. Briefly, without belaboring the
point, let us just say that is the mechanical spin of the individual
charged particle  such as the electron  which "entangles" or "knits
together" or "couples" independent scalar waves into vector waves. A vector
wave is simply two coupled scalar waves. The entire force field concept 
such as the Efield and the Bfield  is operationally Defined in terms of the
force exhibited on a test particle, or test mass. Rigorusly, an Efield does
not exist as a force field in a vacuum, but as two coupled scalar 0fields
"tumbling about each other." When these two coupled, tumbling fields meet a
spinning electron, e.g., the force emerges on the electron mass. In short,
movement of a rotating mass changes delta0 to "voltage", creating the
V/I/R triad.
By "accululating charged mass particles"  such as electrons  one certainly
can increase the value of 0, which represents the charge intensity or "scalar
electrostatic potential." However, that is not the only way to increase it.
Resonance and rotation of charged mass can also be appropriately employed to
vary the vacuum charge potential 0, under proper circumstances.
By the correct application of rotary principles and Tesla electromagnetic
theory, it is possible to oscillate  and change the vacuum potential itself,
in one part of an electrical system. Thus by correct procedures a part of a
system can be electrically altered so that the absolute value of its "ground"
(vacuum) potential differs significantly from the normal vacuumground
potential of the remainder of the circuit. In other words, we shift the
vacuumground potential of the part of the circuit by oscillating the massless
vacuum charge itself, and in doing so we gain a substantial, oscillatory
electrical difference between that part of the circuit and the normal ground
potential of the rest of the system. Then we connect the two parts of the
system by means of a conductor containing a load in the middle.
In every conductor, a large number of "free electrons" are available. If we
oscillate the actual vacuum charge itself, unlimited additional free
electrons also become availabe from the Dirac Sea, since partial "unstripping"
of the negative energy wells (each containing an electron) occurs. This
"unstripping" of the potential of the well is due to vacuum potential oscil
lation, which oscillates time as well as space. To a negative energy well (
positive time), the oscillation of its "time stream" increases the well's
negative potential during one halfcycle and decreases its potential for the
other halfcycle. Thus during half the oscillatory cycle, negative energy
electrons may be lifted from the Dirac Sea if the oscillation is sufficiently intense.
Therefore we obtain an attendant voltage and flow of mass current through the
load. This voltage and current, by the way, are essentially limitless, and are
free for the asking, assuming the proper "vacuum oscillation" is initiated
and maintained so that electrons are continually being lifted from the Dirac
sea by the time oscillations, and fed into the circuit.
Standard electromagnetic theory assumes that the vacuum potential is zero. It
does not recognize the existence of massless charge, separated from charged
mass. Therefore, orthodox scientists have never looked for a way to engineer
the vacuum, because they have not realized it is composed of pure massless
charge. Electrical physics has almost hopelessly confused charge and charged
mass, thereby eliminating scalar longitudinal electrostatic waves. Expressed
in the bird/high tension line analogy, the present electromagnetic theory
restricts us to walking along the high tension line, laboriously carrying small
batteries and power units, unaware of the limitless, surging power beneath our
very feet.
Electromagnetically, we have been rather like one of the five blind men who
touched an elephant. We have only touched one small portion of the
electromagnetism "elephant," yet we thought we had grasped the entire beast.

Use this information in any way that you wish; I take no responsibility for
the results of your actions. This file was presented for "informational use"
only.

EMail Fredric L. Rice / The Skeptic Tank
