The Legend of Robin Hood: Conquests of the Longbow
Druid Hand Code
Welcome to CONQUESTS OF THE LONGBOW, my second game for Sierra On-Line
and my first using the new icon system. By icon, we simply mean a
visual symbol that stands for either an object to be used or an action
to be taken.
Using the standard Sierra On-Line game icons is explained in the
separate game booklet, but I recommend you also read my sections here
on my two specially customized icons for this game: the BOW and the MAP.
For less experienced players, you may wish to read the CLICK-THROUGH
to help you get started and to give you a few tips on getting into this
kind of an adventure game.
Other sections in this book contain information and artwork that is
vital to solving certain puzzles and riddles in the game, so you'll want
to keep this book handy for reference.
There's an explanation of how to play Nine Men's Morris, an ancient
board game which occurs in CONQUESTS OF THE LONGBOW, but for your
pleasure and for extra practice, you'll find a printed version of a
Morris board included in this game package.
When you've finished the game, I'd be delighted to receive your letters
of comment. Detailed feedback from players on my first game was
enormously valuable to me and helped me to improve this game.
Please, DON'T write to me for hints. I answer every letter I receive,
but it may take me weeks or even months (depending on my work load) to
do so. Sierra On-Line has lots of customer support for answering
hints. I want to hear what you did or didn't like about any aspect of
I'd like to thank everyone who wrote to me on the subject of piracy
to express your support and agreement that piracy is wrong, that it's a
thoughtless crime that ignores the fact that creative people work for
long periods of time to put these games together and every time one
person copies a game and hands it out, or worse, sells it, that is money
taken directly away from me. When I spend over a year of concentrated
work, I don't appreciate losing a penny of what I deserve by piracy.
It's not much different than someone stealing my purse.
There were also long and lively letters examining the whole issue
of software piracy and copying. I won't get into a long debate. No,
perhaps it isn't a simple black and white issue, but one thing is
clear: piracy is theft and piracy is wrong.
Some writers overseas told me of THOUSANDS of copies of my game being
pirated and sold. It's infuriating to think that all my hard work is
being stolen out from under me in this way.
One writer pointed out that it's something a company has to take into
account, the way a store takes into account a certain amount of
I don't see anyone condoning shoplifting on that basis. So let's say
a company adds to the price of the product to cover the losses caused
by thousands and thousands of copies being pirated. That means that
you, who PAY for this game, are PAYING for those pirates. Hardly
fair, is it?
The first step is awareness and enlightenment. Refuse to allow or
participate in piracy. It may be hard to say "no" to a friend who
innocently asks for a copy. Instead, invite him or her over to play
it with you and explain why it's wrong to make copies.
It's not just a matter of being illegal, it's a matter of ethics.
And it's also a matter or respect for me, my artists, my programmers,
my composer, and everyone else whose creative labors made the game
possible in the first place. Thank you for your continued support.
A HOOD! A HOOD!
A HOOD! A HOOD!
Was there really a Robin Hood? As far as the best research can tell,
the answer is nay. At least, no under that name.
Pretty much everything I'll tell you here came from two excellent
reference books: Robin Hood by J.C. Holt and The Outlaws of Medieval
Legend by Maurice Keen, both of which are listed in the bibliography.
I highly recommend them to any Robin Hood buff.
There have been medieval bandits whose lives and "adventures" had
remarkable parallels to the ballads that sprang up about the mythical
Robin Hood. I see Robin as a distillation of history and wish fulfillment
and just the plain human desire for a good rousing story with a likable
The first known written reference to Robin Hood occurred around 1377 in
a piece of writing known as Piers Plowman in which is mentioned "...I
know rhymes of Robin Hood..." This shows that by this time the ballads
and poems were well-enough known to rate a mention with the understanding
that those reading it would be familiar with it too.
The earliest written material comes from five fragments of ballads
and poems and most of these dating to the 15th century, though it's
clear they were well known in the oral tradition for about 200 years
From those early ballads, Robin emerged as a clever trickster, capable
of pulling off daring deceits in disguises. His right-hand man, Little
John, often performed feats of disguise and daring of no less worth
than Robin's. Sometimes it was Robin who rescued John and sometimes
the other way around.
The earliest stories deal with Robin: helping the impoverished Knight
and robbing the Callarer of St. Mary's Abbey, whose money he then gives
to the Knight who has returned to pay his debt; disguising himself as a
Potter and tricking the Sheriff of Nottingham to entering the forest
with him; meeting up with Guy of Gisborne, with whom he has a shooting
match, but then must fight and kill with the sword, and using Guy's
disguise, he is able to rescue Little John from the Sheriff; being
rescued by Little John and Much after he was captured going to church
in Nottingham; and his death where he is fatally bled by Prioress of
Kirklees (but Robin does NOT fire his final arrow to mark his resting
place in these verses).
Many other stories, now well known, followed, but these are the seeds
from which they grew. How many other tales have been lost because they
were never written down or the written form didn't survive is impossible
The only other outlaws besides Little John and Much the Miller's
son to appear in the earliest versions is Will Scarlet (also named
as Scarlock and Scathelocke).
Of other famous figures that came to be attached to Robin Hood, Friar
Tuck didn't come along until 1417 when perhaps not so coincidentally a
certain real-life bandit by the name of Robert Stafford continued
his outlaw ways under the title "Frere Tuk".
Maid Marian, who seems so much a part of Robin Hood, entered the
myth from a curious direction for she was a figure in the May games.
She was derived from a French play that had nothing to do with Robin
Hood and was paired with the English Robin for the spring celebrations
sometime between 1450 and 1500. The story of Marian entering the woods
disguised as a page and fighting with Robin wasn't written until around
the 18th century.
The earliest King with whom Robin was associated wasn't Richard the
Lionheart, but an unspecified King Edward, probably Edward II. The
firm attachment of Richard came later, was used by Sir Walter Scott
in Ivanhoe, and has been the one that stuck.
The notion of Robin as a noble defender of the poor, of robbing from
the rich to give to the poor, also came along as a later addition.
These are social ideas that were entirely foreign to those who first
composed the ballads.
Throughout the ages, Robin Hood as folk hero, as noble outlaw, as
skilled archer and clever trickster, has been shaped to fit each age
that loved him. We continue to do so in our books, TV and movie versions.
And that's the way it should be.
Robin isn't eternal because of which disguise he adopts or how he
happens to meet up with Marian or whether he wears green tights or
studded leather or any of the new embellishments we add to his tales.
He lives on because he captures our hearts with his unchanging
essence - he fights the good fight, laughs boldly in the face of
danger, defies corrupt authority, and outwits his enemies to escape
and fight again. Every age of humankind has a need for that kind
THE DRUID TREES
Rowan...Luis Birch...Beth Ash...Nion
Elder...Ruis Blackberry...Muin Holly...Tinne
Alder...Fearn Willow...Saille Hazel...Coll
In addition, here are other names which may be of interest:
These illustrations show the trees, along with their English and
Druid names, which are used in Conquest of the Longbow.
Around 52 B.C., Julius Caesar wrote of the Druids "They also hold
long discussions about the heavenly bodies and their movements, the size
of the universe and of the earth, the physical constitution of the world,
and the power and the properties of the gods..."
Little is known about the long-lost Druids. There are bits and pieces
found in the writings of Caesar and other Roman historians and some
surviving oral tradition. Unfortunately, the Druid's religion was against
putting their knowledge into written form. What is also seldom mentioned
is how powerful and important the Druidesses were within their structure.
It was Velleda, Druid High-Priestess of Germany and Gaul who led a major
rebellion against the Romans in 70 B.C. (and, tragically, lost and was
executed in Rome).
We know the Druids believed in reincarnation and that their strongest
beliefs centered around the Oak and Mistletoe. Sacred groves were vital
to them and were centers of worship.
Amongst the ancient works that have survived is the Cad Goddeu, Welsh
for "The Battle of the Trees", a long poem in which secret names were
encoded within verses about sacred trees. Certain letters of the
alphabet were associated with certain trees. Trees were also associated
with specific months and lunar cycles.
It has the power of divine attraction and will pull objects toward the sky.
It cures lunacy.
It cures melancholia.
It brings good crops.
It protects sailors at sea.
It brings good luck.
It warns of danger by changing color.
It keeps horses from becoming lame.
It protects from injuries by falling.
It cures boils.
It preserves chastity.
It preserves secrets.
It cures diseases of the eye.
It is the Stone of Destiny.
It suppresses blood flowing from wounds.
It grants a heart's desires.
It cures bleeding gums.
It guides the dead to rebirth.
Lapis Lazuli (5)
It symbolizes the power of water.
It cures diseases of the eye.
It is the Stone of Truth.
It is a fallen piece of the heavens.
It cures fever.
It cures blindness and deafness.
It counteracts poison.
It can make a woman confess her sins.
It controls demons and has power in the underworld where the dead walk.
It averts the Evil Eye.
It cures snakebite.
It prevents poisoning.
It forecasts death in one who is ill.
It makes the wearer invisible.
It unites all colors.
It is petrified ice, frozen so hard it will not thaw.
It draws down fire from the heavens.
It quenches thirst when held in the mouth.
It represents the Immaculate Conception.
The source for these is the Tudor Atlas of 1611 compiled and illustrated
by John Speed. Original spellings are maintained.
NINE MEN'S MORRIS GAME
Morris could easily be one of the oldest, still-played board games in
the world. It's been found scratched into the roof of a 1400 B.C. Egyptian
temple, in the ruins of Troy, in a Bronze Age tomb in Ireland, and in the
burial ship of a Viking king. "Morris" seems to have come from the French
name for the game, "merelles".
This is a two person game. Each player has 9 pieces. Anything will do:
9 dimes and 9 pennies, 9 poker chips of 2 colors, etc.
There are 24 "points" on the board where a piece may be placed. These
are the corners of the squares and the places where the connecting lines
The object of the game is to create "mills" and remove your opponent's
pieces from the board until he only has 2 pieces left or is unable to make
A "mill" is 3 of the same player's pieces laid in a row with no vacant
points between them.
Each time a player moves one of her pieces so that she creates a new
mill, she can remove one of her opponent's pieces.
Here are some examples of valid mills.
Pieces that line up diagonally or without being connected by a line do not
This is not a valid mill:
How to begin: determine, however you like, which player gets the first
move. That player may place 1 of his pieces on any vacant point (remember,
there are 24 points). Then the other player places 1 piece. They take
turns placing pieces until all 9 pieces have been placed on the board.
While the players put down the 9 pieces, each one should be trying to do
2 things: create a mill; or prevent the other player from creating a mill.
Once all remaining pieces (not counting any lost because the opponent
created a mill) have been placed on the board, the second part of the game
is for the players to continue taking turns moving 1 of their pieces to an
adjacent vacant point on the board. A player may not jump over her own or
another player's piece and moves must be made along the lines only. A
piece cannot jump across spaces.
A player who has made a mill may not take a piece from one of his
opponent's mills unless there are no other pieces to take.
A new mill may be formed by a player moving one of her pieces from an
existing mill (so it's no longer a mill) in one turn and moving it back
into the same place to recreate the mill on her next turn (provided the
other player doesn't block the space in the meantime).
And that's it. Have fun!
Please see the other game manual for explanations of how the standard
icons work. For Conquests of the Longbow, I have two customized icons
as explained below.
BOW: The BOW ICON works in a similar fashion to the other icons. You may
cycle through the CURSORS until you reach the BOW CURSOR or go up to the
Menu Bar, click on the BOW ICON and you will have the BOW CURSOR.
Now you may click the BOW CURSOR onto the object or person you wish to
shoot with the bow. Stop and think before you shoot your bow. Just
because you're Robin Hood doesn't mean you should shoot everything in
sight. There could be serious consequences in threatening the wrong person
with the bow.
For POINT OF VIEW ARCHERY (where you're sighting down your nocked arrow
ready to fire), the BOW CURSOR is moved up, down, left and right until your
arrow head is positioned where you want it, then clicking will fire the
Click on your bow hand to load another arrow, if you wish to fire again.
MAP: The MAP ICON does not appear as a cursor. To use the MAP, go to the
Menu Bar and click on the MAP ICON there. It will instantly take you to
the appropriate map so you may travel to the next location you want.
Directions within Sherwood Forest are north (top of screen), west (left
side of screen), south (bottom of screen) and east (right side of screen).
One exception to this is the Watling Street Overlook. To orient yourself,
remember that Watling Street runs roughly north-south (as you can see from
the Shire Map).
You may walk through the forest at great length, but if you're in a
hurry, simply click on the MAP ICON in the Menu Bar. The main map of
NOTTINGHAMSHIRE (the Shire Map) will appear. Click the WALK CURSOR on a
travel point of this Shire map to travel there. This includes Watling
Street, certain places in the Forest, the town of Nottingham and the
Monastery in the Fens.
The MAP is provided as a shortcut method that you should find very
useful throughout the game. Not only will it take you quickly to special
parts of the forest, it allows you to jump to many points north and south
along Watling Street itself. The MAP ICON will not work when inside a
building and in other special locations and situations.
Clicking on the town of Nottingham from the Shire map will bring you to
a map view of the town. Clicking WALK on any of the available locations of
the town will take you to that specific location.
Selecting MAP while on the streets of Nottingham will bring you back to
the Nottingham map, and selecting MAP again will bring you back to the main
Anytime you're carrying money, it will be represented inside Inventory
by a single silver penny. If you have no money left at all, no coin will
appear in Inventory.
In England at that time, this was the one English coin and it was cut in
half to make a ha'penny, or cut into four pieces to make farthings. A
penny in 1193 was made of pure silver and was worth a great deal more than
we think of a penny being worth today, so don't confuse the word "penny"
with being an insignificant amount of money.
To give specific amounts of money, click on INVENTORY, then click the
INVENTORY SELECTOR onto the penny. The penny becomes the selected
Inventory Item and appears as the selected item in the Menu Bar.
Now you can click through the cursors or select the penny from the Menu
Bar to be the active cursor and click the Money Cursor onto a person or
thing. A special MONEY WINDOW will open up and show you how many pennies,
ha'pennies or farthings you have left to give.
The amount you have appears in the column on the left. To the right of
this is a column of PURSE ICONS. Click on the Purse Icons to put points
back into your purse after you've chosen to take them out.
In the center column you will see a penny, ha'penny and farthing to
identify which coin you're selecting.
In the next column to the right is a row of HAND ICONS. Click as many
times as you want on the Hand icons to choose the exact amount of money you
want to give. For example, if you want to give someone a penny and 2
farthings, click one time on the Hand Icon to the right of the penny and 2
times on the Hand Icon to the right of the farthing.
The amount of coins you've chosen to remove from your purse will appear
in the column to the right of the Hand Icon.
You still have the choice to GIVE the money or KEEP the money. Click on
one of these two boxes at the bottom to make your final choice. This will
close the Money Window and give the money to the person or thing, if you
chose to do so. If you clicked on KEEP, or if you clicked on GIVE but
didn't have any coins selected next to the Hand Icons, it will be the same
as not giving any money at all.
Also, to simply find out how much money you have without having to call up
the Money Window, open the Inventory window and click the INVENTORY LOOK
onto the coin. A message will appear to tell you how many of each coin you
Across the top of the screen in what we call the Status Line, you'll see
three items: RANSOM, OUTLAWS, SCORE.
RANSOM will show you the total amount of ransom you've managed to raise
toward saving King Richard as the game progresses. Your actions and how
you use your wits has a large effect on the amount you can raise.
OUTLAWS shows how many of your men survive throughout the game. Your
skill, cunning and choice of strategies will make a big difference in how
many outlaws live or die, which reflects upon your ability as a leader.
SCORE is your continuing gain or loss of points as you play through the
game as compared to the total number of points that can be earned.
By ARCADE, I refer to places in the game where a situation is solved by
use of reflexes, timing and visual skills (such as the Point of View
archery). There are very few places in CONQUESTS OF THE LONGBOW where this
happens, but it is possible for those people who don't like Arcade
sequences to bypass them.
To do this, click on the COMPUTER ICON in the Menu Bar (second from the
right). A window will open up showing a number of game selection buttons
and some slider bars. The slider bar on the far right is for your ARCADE
setting. Use your cursor to slide to any setting between MOST DIFFICULT
("+") and EASIEST ("-").
If you slide the bar ALL THE WAY TO THE BOTTOM of the scale (the "-"
direction), you will automatically WIN and bypass the Arcades altogether.
You should be able to change this setting at any time during the game.
NOTE #1: Using the WIN selection will reduce the total score you can
NOTE #2: The game of Nine Men's Morris involves strategy and cleverness,
so the WIN position will not allow you to automatically win this game.
However, your setting of Easy to Difficult will determine your opponent's
You have 4 offensive moves (strikes) and 4 defensive moves (parries,
ducking and jumping).
OVERHEAD GREAT BLOW: This move brings your staff down from a high overhead.
This is your most powerful blow, but it also leaves your guard wide open
for a counterattack.
HEAD STRIKE: Strikes at your foe's head.
BODY STRIKE: Strikes at your foe's mid-torso.
LEG STRIKE: Strikes at your foe's lower legs.
OVERHEAD GREAT BLOW PARRY: Parries with staff above the head to stop your
foe's most powerful overhead attack.
DUCKING HEAD: Causes you to duck underneath your foe's strike at your
BODY PARRY: Parries with staff an attack at your mid-torso.
JUMPING UP TO AVOID LEG STRIKE: Causes you to jump up and avoid your
foe's attempt to strike your legs.
USING A MOUSE
If you have a mouse, you need to click on or near a certain area of Robin's
body or your foe's body in order to attack or defend. Here is how it
OVERHEAD GREAT BLOW: Click above your foe's head.
HEAD STRIKE: Click on your foe's head.
BODY STRIKE: Click on your foe's body.
LEG STRIKE: Click below your foe's knees.
OVERHEAD GREAT BLOW PARRY: Click above Robin's head.
DUCKING HEAD: Click on Robin's head.
BODY PARRY: Click on Robin's body.
JUMPING UP TO AVOID LEG STRIKE: Click below Robin's knees.
USING A KEYBOARD
If you have only a keyboard, use your numerical keys as follows:
7 DUCKING HEAD 8 OVERHEAD GREAT BLOW 9 HEAD STRIKE
4 BODY PARRY 5 6 BODY STRIKE
1 JUMPING UP TO 2 OVERHEAD GREAT BLOW 3 LEG STRIKE
AVOID LEG STRIKE PARRY
USING A JOYSTICK
If you have a joystick, move to one of the 8 positions and click
OVERHEAD GREAT BLOW
DUCKING HEAD \ | / HEAD STRIKE
BODY PARRY --o-- BODY STRIKE
JUMPING UP TO AVOID LEG STRIKE / | \ LEG STRIKE
OVERHEAD GREAT BLOW PARRY
On the following pages you'll find a "Click-Through" which gives tips
and instructions for starting the game.
If you're new to this sort of game, you may wish to read the Click-
Through to help you get a feel for how to play.
If you're an experienced game player, you may wish to skip reading
this so that no puzzles or discoveries are given away ahead of time.
When the game begins, you'll find yourself standing in your cave which
lies inside the Outlaw Camp.
Click the EYE CURSOR onto various objects in the cave to gather
information about what is there that you might want.
Click the HAND CURSOR onto the horn. The horn in now in your Inventory.
To check this, go to the menu bar and click on Inventory. A window will
open up to show you that you're carrying the horn. Click the INVENTORY
SELECTOR to make the horn your Inventory Item. Click on "OK" to close the
Click the HORN CURSOR on yourself to blow the horn.
Click HAND on the small chest to take money. If you like, you may open
your Inventory again to see the silver penny which shows that you have
Walk outside to your Outlaw Camp.
Once you've spoken with the men who greet you outside, observe the
direction in which Little John went to reach the Overlook, and the
direction Will Scarlet took to the glade.
Leave the camp by going northeast, the direction Will took.
Continue to travel north through two forest scenes and you'll come to
the Shooting Glade.
Click TALK on Will. You may also TALK to the other outlaw.
Click HAND on the garland hanging on the tree.
Click BOW on the tree or garland.
You'll now be sighting down your own arrow, nocked on your longbow,
ready to fire. Move the BOW CURSOR until you've positioned the arrowhead
where you want it to be released. Click the BOW CURSOR to fire the arrow.
Click on your bow hand to nock another arrow.
When you've had enough practicing, click the WALK CURSOR anywhere to
leave this scene.
Walk south to the Outlaw Camp. Then walk due west through 3 forest
scenes until you come to the Watling Street Overlook. From this ridge, you
will be able to see the street down below without being seen. Pay
attention to what Little John tells you.
Remain where you are after Little John has greeted you and left. Soon,
you'll see a Sheriff's Man dragging a peasant woman down the street. Click
EYE on them to get more information.
To intercept them, walk down the ridge or to the left of the screen, or
click WALK on the road, or click HAND on the man or woman.
You will come onto Watling Street and confront the Sheriff's Man. This
would be a good place to Save your Game. Think carefully, for what you may
do, say, or offer, will determine this woman's fate.
Sometimes you need to talk to a person more than once to learn all he or
she has to say. You might click TALK on the same character a number of
times before the character begins to repeat himself.
Stop and save games often, especially when you think you're coming up on a
A Complete Guide to Heraldry, by Arthur Charles Fox-Davies
Published by Bonanza Books. ISBN 0-517-26643-1
A History of England by Goldwin Smith, Charles Scribner's Sons
A Traveller's Guide to Early Medieval Britain by Anthony Goodman
Published by Routledge & Kegan Paul. ISBN 0-7102-0942-8
A Traveller's Guide to Norman Britain by Trevor Rowley.
Published by Routledge & Kegan Paul. ISBN 0-7102-0687-9
A Traveller's Guide to Royal Roads by Charles Kightly.
Published by Routledge & Kegan Paul. ISBN 0-7102-0689-5
Arms and Armour by Vesey Norman, Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London
Bowmen of England by Donald Featherstone, New English Library (Times
Encyclopedia of Archery by W.F. Paterson, St. Martin's Press, ISBN
Encyclopedia of World Costume by Doreen Yarwood, Bonanza Books, ISBN
Folklore, Myths and Legends of Britain by Reader's Digest
Association Limited, London
Games of the World compiled by Frederic Grunfeld, Rand McNally
Company, ISBN 0-03-015261-5
History of England by G.M. Trevelyan, Doubleday & Co.
Latin for All Occasions by Henry Beard, Villard Books/Random House,
The Outlaws of Medieval Legend by Maurice Keen, Dorset press ISBN
Putnam's Dark and Middle Ages Reader: Selections from the 5th to 15th
Centuries, edited by Harry E. Wedeck, G.P. Putnam's Sons, Library of
Congress Catalogue Card Number 64-13026
Priestesses by Norma Lorre Goodrich, HarperCollins ISBN 0-06-097316-1
Reading the Past: Mathematics and Measurements by O.A.W.
Dilke, published by University of California Press, ISBN 0-520-06072-5
Robin Hood by J.C. Holt, Thames and Hudson Ltd., London (available
through Barnes & Noble) ISBN 0-500-27541-6
The Singing Tradition of Child's Popular Ballads, edited by Bertrand
Harris Bronson from the collections of Francis James Child, Princeton
The White Goddess by Robert Graves. Published by Farrar, Straus and
Giroux, New York.
The Woman's Dictionary of Symbols & Sacred Objects by Barbara G. Walker,
Harper & Row, ISBN 0-06-250923-3
The Woman's Encyclopedia of Myths and Secrets by Barbara G. Walker,
Harper & Row, ISBN 0-06-250925-X
The Age of Chivalry, medieval romances, poetry and myths translated by
Thomas Bulfinch, New American Library
Ivanhoe by Sir Walter Scott, annotated and illustrated edition by Felix
Gluck Fress, Ltd., Twickenham, Great Britain, ISBN 0-679-20394-X
Richard the Lion-Hearted, medieval romance translated by Bradford B.
Broughton, E.P. Dutton & Co.
Robin Hood, by George Cockburn Harvey, illustrated by Edwin John Prittie.
Published by John C. Winston Co. in 1923 (my personal favorite!)
The Adventures of Robin Hood & His Merry Outlaws by J. Walker McSpadden
and Charles Wilson, illustrated by Howard Pyle and Thomas Heath Robinson.
Greewich House Classic Library ISBN 0-517-43602-7
Another file downloaded from: The NIRVANAnet(tm) Seven
& the Temple of the Screaming Electron Taipan Enigma 510/935-5845
Burn This Flag Zardoz 408/363-9766
realitycheck Poindexter Fortran 510/527-1662
Lies Unlimited Mick Freen 801/278-2699
The New Dork Sublime Biffnix 415/864-DORK
The Shrine Rif Raf 206/794-6674
Planet Mirth Simon Jester 510/786-6560
"Raw Data for Raw Nerves"